Gansu Province Facts

An Introduction to Gansu Province甘肃省简介

Abbreviation: Gan

Capital: Lanzhou

Area: More than 390,000 square kilometres

Population: 25.68 million

Location: In northwestern China or the upper reaches of the Yellow River

Gansu Province is situated at the joint of the Huangtu (Loess) Plateau,the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Mongol Plateau. The provincial terrain varies in elevation, sloping downhill from west to east and from south to north respectively. The Gansu corridor stretches at the province’s northwest part. Most of the rivers in the province belong to the Yellow River water systems. Its climate features both temperate monsoon and continental, transferring from subtropical zone in south to temperate zone northward of semi-arid and arid area.

Gansu abounds in various produces. It has laid its solid foundation on electric power, nonferrous metallurgy, machine building, and petrochemical. Lanzhou petrochemical industry is of a big scale. Jiayuguan is the biggest iron and steel base in the northwestern part of China. Natural resources include petroleum, coal, iron and various kinds of non-ferrous metals. Mount Qilian is reputed as a cornucopia or ‘ treasure house’ for its richness in minerals. The Gannan Plateau is an important pastureland with famous species of Aqu horse阿曲马 and Ola goat 欧拉羊.Gansu is also well known for its Chinese medicinal herbs such as Chinese angelica 当归.

The province boasts abundant cultural relics such as the Silk Road, with an expanse of 1,600 kilometres symbolizing the friendly communications between China and Western peoples for generations. Mogao Grottoes at Dunhuang, which is a world cultural heritage, Maiji Mountain Grottoes famous for its fine sculptures and the Labrang Lamasery 拉卜楞寺,which is one of the six great lamaseries of the Yellow Sect of Buddhism in China. The Singing (Soughing) Dunes ( Mount Mingshan) and the Crescent Spring are fanciful for their co-existence.

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